Robert Kramer is an American independent filmmaker, born in New York in 1939. Very active politically in the 1960s, he participated in the radical left-wing movements against the Vietnam War and for the emancipation of minorities. During the Pentagon demonstration in 1967, he met other filmmakers with whom he founded the Newsreel collective. We owe him key films about this generation, including Ice and Milestones. He emigrated to France in the early 1980s, where he lived until his death in 1999.